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Does a Triple Net Lease Include Utilities?

Does a Triple Net Lease Include Utilities?

For both parties of the Triple Net Lease agreement, the most convenient option for cooperation is a long-term lease of real estate on permanent and mutually beneficial terms. Such terms presuppose that the parties to the lease deal have agreed in advance on who pays when renting real estate, when he does it and what extent.

Does a triple net lease include utilities? This article will learn who has to pay in a lease and which payment-sharing option is best for tenants and real estate owners.

Who Pays When Renting Real Estate?

You can see who will pay the utilities in the agreement between tenants and owners. In the case of NNN, it is primarily a question of the renter taking care of all the payments. In this case, the lessor takes no part in the technical service of the real estate at all. All responsibility falls on the person who lives there. In most situations, the lessor has his version of the payments, and the renter has the right to agree with it or offer his solution.

Since utility rates tend to go up, renters who agree to pay the whole package may find themselves at a disadvantage. However, lessors do not want to be left out — it makes sense when the one who uses the resources pays for water, electricity, and other services. The contradiction is resolved individually with the help of a competently drafted written lease.

There is no single sample contract for renting real estate. However, it can be a document drawn up in a relatively free form in the framework of current legislation.

It is worth remembering that in the case of debts, the liability under the law lies with the real estate owner. Representatives and service providers will demand repayment from the real estate owner, not from the renter. Only the contract will guarantee the owner of real estate and financial security.

It is easiest for the owner to include all utilities in the contract in a single package: “the renter pays all utility and electricity bills.”

The default list includes:


hot water;

wastewater and cold water


gas supply;

technical service and repair of common area real estate;

garbage removal;

repayments for capital repairs;

other expenses.

A NNN with full payment is less beneficial to tenants than it is to owners — it does not make sense to pay all costs to the tenant alone.

It makes sense to divide up payment responsibilities and detail who will pay for what. For example, the renter pays for light, water, gas, and heat on his own, while the contributions for significant repairs and real estate technical services remain with the real estate owner. But note that such contract terms would no longer be considered terms.

What Utilities the Tenant Should Cover by the Contract?

If the contract provides for the renter’s participation in the utility payment process, the owner should ensure that the tenant knows how to pay for the services, where to do it, and when. Calculation of utility payments when renting is a simple matter but requires practice.

Paying the renter for the services consumed is the most reasonable option for real estate lodgers and lessors. In this case, renting real estate consists of two parts: the rate per month and the price.

In the case of a long-term lease — for a year or more — the owner can reissue personal accounts for the real estate to tenants. However, even if he has complete confidence in his renter, the owner is still worth checking from time to time for debt. Unfortunately, situations where the best renters suddenly become persistent non-payers are not that rare.

What utilities are paid by the owner of the real estate?

Suppose the lease comes on mutually beneficial terms. In that case, the owner of the entire list remains only to pay for the overhaul, technical service fees for real estate, and everyday household needs. This option is the fairest for both parties.

The real estate owner has the right to take full payment for the services; in this case, the rent in advance has its cost.

This format has advantages for the lessor:

They control the payment for the services themselves and do not allow any delays.

There is no need to constantly remind renters about paying utilities if they are not paying on time.

There will be no problems with the management company and suppliers.

There is a significant disadvantage — the tenant is not interested in saving resources. And this is his right — since the rent already has the fee, he cannot keep track of the consumption.

To form a monthly rent, the owner pre-calculates the general cost of light, water, and other services and adds them to the rent. In this case, the renter has only to tell the owner that the share is not inflated. All other things being equal, the lessor would prefer a real estate with self-payment of services so he would have a chance to control his costs for the resources consumed.

Alternatively, the rent includes all services except those that are metered. The lodger pays a fixed amount of rent, including garbage collection, heat, and concierge services, and pays for electricity, water, and gas.

Whatever method of payment participants choose, it is vital to fix the terms. However, having this document is beneficial for everyone — the owner can count on reimbursement of damages in the event of debts, and the renter is protected from unexpected costs.

Useful Tip

The lease should clearly state that the lessor must provide the renter with utilities and bill the tenant based on the bills from the supplying organization to minimize problems. And the tenant is forced to reimburse the lessor for the cost of the utilities he consumes based on bills issued by the lessor.

Also, we advise the renter to have not only the lessor’s invoice but also a copy of the supply company’s invoice and the procedure for calculating utility bills agreed upon with the lessor. These documents will also help prove economic feasibility if the inspector starts nagging about the legitimacy of including utility costs in expenses.

Related Articles:

Are NNN Properties Good Investments?

What is Triple-Net Rent, And What are Typical NNN Costs?

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